Test 2 will cover the material presented in modules
4-6 and in the sub-module multi-electron atoms.
You must be able to:
- Explain the basic principles of NMR spectroscopy and perform simple
calculations involving the resonance frequency and the spin relaxation time.
- Predict some of the properties of multi-electron atoms.
- Describe the essential features of a LASER.
- Describe how energy quantization and the fact that elementary particles
of the same type are indistinguishable leads to some observable effects in
large systems such as superfluidity, Bose-Einstein condensation, the
incompressibility of matter and white dwarfs.
You must be able to calculate the probability that a particle
(distinguishable, boson, or fermion) is in a uniquely defined quantum state
with energy E.
- Describe the differences between insulators, conductors, semi-conductors
and doped semiconductors as far as conduction is concerned. Also
describe the properties of a pn-junction and light-emitting diodes.
- Describe the static properties of nuclei and the radioactive decay of
certain nuclei. You must be able to interpret the chart of the
nuclides and a the binding energy versus mass number chart. You must
be able to work problems involving radioactive decay. You must be
familiar with different decay modes of nuclei, such as alpha, beta, and
- Describe features of the collective model and the shell model of the
- Describe fission, fusion, and principles of
nuclear energy generation. You must be able to find the energy
released, given the initial and final nuclei in fission and fusion
- Classify particles as bosons, fermions, hadrons, baryons, mesons and
leptons. You also must be familiar with some additive conserved
quantum numbers and check if certain reactions would violate conservation
- List the fundamental particles of the standard model and look up their
properties in tables.
Prepare for the test by reviewing assignments 10-18.
The practice test is on Blackboard. You can take this practice test as
often as you want. No record of your score will be kept.
You may use a print-out of these formulas during the test. You will
also be provided with a printout of the
chart of fundamental particles and interactions, a
printout of the
periodic table of the elements and a printout of the front and back inside covers
of your textbook.
The problems on the practice test are similar to the problems you will
find on Test 2.